Indicator Interpretation

The section on Indicator Interpretation for this module has four sub-sections that introduce different types of indicators that organization’s use to provide balanced reporting. The sub-section on Input, Output, and Outcome explains the differences in these types of indicators. The second sub-section elaborates on the Ability to Measure the input, output, and outcome of an activity, which frequently determines the type of indicator that will be used for reporting. Indicators are also distinguished by their relationship to some activity, such as Leading and Lagging, discussed in the third sub-section. Both types of indicators are necessary to measure causal relationships. Finally the fourth sub-section reviews Eco-efficiency or Cross Cutting indicators, which measure more than one dimension of sustainability.